Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is an overgrowth of yeast in the vagina resulting in irritation. It is a syndrome rather than an infection and diagnosis of VVC does not rely on laboratory or clinical criteria alone but a combination of the two. The disease spectrum ranges from “innocent bystander,” where symptoms are wrongly attributed to coincidental isolation of candida to complicated disease where VVC is severe, persistent, or recurrent or there is an underlying host abnormality.

To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly.
  • Symptoms
  • Strange fluid coming out of vagina other than blood

    • White

    • Thick, chunky


    Pain at vagina or vulva


    Vaginal irritation

    or Itchy skin

    • At genital


    Pain discomfort or burning when urinating


    Pain during sexual intercourse


    Skin rash and redness

    • At genitals, At vulva

    Bulge out of vagina

    • Has no specific shape or boundaries

    • With redness

  • Risk factors
  • Use of estrogen hormone medication

    or Use of Intrauterine Device


    Diabetes mellitus

    • Type 1, Type 2

    Recent sex

    Recent antibiotic use

    Vaginal douching

    Falling sick easily

    or Use of steroids

  • Treatment
  • Vulvovaginal candidiasis is typically treated with antifungal medication or cream.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Vulvovaginal Candidiasis, then a visit to a general practitioner is recommended.

    Contact a

    General practitioner

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