Variant Angina

Variant angina is a syndrome typically consisting of cardiac chest pain, in contrast to stable angina which is generally triggered by exertion or intense exercise, commonly occurs in individuals at rest or even asleep and is caused by vasospasm, a narrowing of the coronary arteries due to contraction of the heart's smooth muscle tissue in the vessel walls.

In some cases, the spasm of the arteries can lead to potentially life-threatening arrhythmias or damage to the heart muscle.
  • Symptoms
  • Chest discomfort

    • Gradual onset

    • Occurs at rest

    • Pain radiates to shoulder, arm, neck, jaw, Center of the chest

    • Recurrent

    • Change in body position doesn't change the pain

    common

    Dizziness

    common

    Feel like vomiting

    Difficulty breathing

    Irregular heartbeat

  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

    Drug or substance abuse

    High blood pressure disease

    or High levels of fats in blood

  • Treatment
  • Drugs such as calcium antagonists and nitrates are the mainstays of treatment. The spasms tend to come in cycles – appearing for a time, then going away. After six to 12 months of treatment, doctors may gradually reduce the medication.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Variant Angina, then a visit to a cardiologist is recommended.

    Contact a

    Cardiologist

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