Rhabdomyolysis is a serious syndrome due to direct or indirect muscle injury. It results from the death of muscle fibers and the release of their contents into the bloodstream. This can lead to serious complications such as kidney failure. The most common causes are crush injury, overexertion, alcohol abuse and certain medicines and toxic substances.

If left untreated, or if not treated early enough, rhabdomyolysis can lead to irreversible muscle damage, permanent disability, kidney failure possibly requiring lifelong dialysis, and even death.
  • Symptoms
  • Fatigue


    Blood in urine

    or Dark urine


    Muscle pain


    Rapid heart rate


    • Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F), Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)

    • Rapidly developing

    Throwing up

    or Feel like vomiting


  • Risk factors
  • Prolonged immobilization

    or Recent injury or trauma in thigh

    or Alcohol consumption

    or Drug or substance abuse

    or History of vascular surgery

    or History of orthopedic surgery

    or Electrical injury

    or Overexertion

    or Recent injury or trauma in lower leg without ankle and feet

  • Treatment
  • Most people with rhabdomyolysis are treated with fluids given through their veins in an intravenous (IV) drip. Some people may require dialysis or hemofiltration to address kidney damage in more severe cases.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Rhabdomyolysis, then visit a nephrologist as soon as possible.

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