Nephrolithiasis, better known as kidney stone formation, is when a solid piece of material develops in the kidneys. Depending on its size, the stone can block the ureter, resulting in severe pain in the lower back or abdomen, and may result in bloody urine.

Kidney stones are typically formed due to an imbalanced diet and dehydration.
  • Symptoms
  • Abdominal pain

    • Flank pain

    • Rapidly developing

    • Severe

    or Sore abdomen

    • Middle sides of the abdomen


    Throwing up

    or Feel like vomiting


    Blood in urine


    Frequent urination


    Pain discomfort or burning when urinating


  • Risk factors
  • Low fluid consumption

    Family history of kidney stones

    High concentration of parathyroid hormone

    High meat consumption

    or High salt consumption

    or High sugar consumption

    Overweight or obese

    Inflammation of the colon

    Use of cephalosporin

    or Use of sulfonamide

    Infection in any part of urinary system

    Inflammation of the joints caused by excess uric acid in the bloodstream

  • Treatment
  • Treatment for kidney stones varies, depending on the type of stone, its size, its location and the cause. For small stones with minimal symptoms: Most small kidney stones won't require invasive treatment. You may be able to pass a small stone by: 1-Drinking water. 2-Pain relievers to relieve mild pain while passing a small stone that can cause some discomfort. 3-Alpha blockers, type of medications that relaxes the muscles in your ureter, helping you pass the kidney stone more quickly and with less pain. For large stones and those that cause symptoms, treatment options are: 1-Using sound waves to break up stones. 2-Surgery to remove very large stones in the kidney. 3-Parathyroid gland surgery if the cause of stones formation is an overactive parathyroid gland, as it can cause calcium phosphate stones.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Nephrolithiasis, then a visit to a general internist is highly recommended.

    Contact a

    General internist

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