Myelodysplastic syndrome

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is one of a group of cancers in which immature blood cells in the bone marrow do not mature, and as a result, do not develop into healthy blood cells. Early on, no symptoms typically are seen. Later, symptoms may include feeling tired, shortness of breath, bleeding disorders, anemia, or frequent infections. Some types may develop into acute myeloid leukemia

Myelodysplastic syndrome can cause serious conditions such as anemia, frequent infections and bleeding that won't stop.
  • Symptoms
  • Anemia


    Unusual lightness of skin color

    or Pale inner surface of eyelids

    or Difficulty breathing

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    or Dizziness

    • With exertion

    or Rapid heart rate

    or Lack of concentration




    Unexplained skin injury

    or Bleeding gums

    or Bleeding easily or difficulty controlling bleeding

    or Nosebleed


    Recurrent respiratory tract infections

    or Infection in any part of urinary system

    or Falling sick easily


    Rheumatoid arthritis

    or Polymyalgia Rheumatica

    or History of pernicious anemia

    or History of psoriasis

    or History of Rheumatic Fever

    Weight loss

    or Poor appetite

    or Fever

    • With chills

    • Lasting 4 weeks or more

    • Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F), Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)

    or Excessive sweating

    • Occurs or worsens at night

  • Risk factors
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals


    Radiation therapy

    • Chest, Neck, Abdominal, Pelvic radiotherapy

  • Treatment
  • Treatment for myelodysplastic syndromes includes:\ 1-Supportive care 2-Drug therapy 3-Stem cell transplantation Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome who have symptoms caused by low blood counts are given supportive care to relieve symptoms and improve their quality of life.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Myelodysplastic syndrome, then visit a hematologist as soon as possible.

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