Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a serious disease that affects the lungs. The lung is composed of small air sacs that expand to accommodate the air we inhale. In IPF, the lung is scarred and the alveoli become more and more difficult to expand. This causes shortness of breath, a dry cough, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite, and clubbing of fingers. IPF is usually seen in individuals older than 50 years of age.

Smoking is considered to be one of the strongest risk factors in developing IPF.
  • Symptoms
  • Difficulty breathing

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion


    Cough with mucus or without mucus

    • Dry

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    • Lasting 4 weeks or more

    • An irritating cough that doesn't go away




    Enlarged feet or ankle

    • In both feet or ankles

    or Swelling in lower leg

    • In both lower legs


    Enlargement of the fingertips and downward sloping of nails


    Weight loss

    Poor appetite


    • Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)

    Muscle pain

    or Joint pain

    • Recurrent

    • Both sides of the body

    • At hip, Knees, At wrist, In fingers, Elbows

  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

    Family history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

  • Treatment
  • Unfortunately, there is currently no treatment for IPF. Managing IPF is directed towards facilitating breathing which is done by smoking cessation, some medications, oxygen therapy, and pulmonary rehabilitation.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, then visit a pulmonologist as soon as possible.

    Contact a


    Copyright © Rimads 2023 All Rights Reserved