Cardiac Tamponade

Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is when a buildup of fluid in the pericardium results in compression or tightening of the heart, leading to negative effects on blood flow dynamics. Onset may be rapid or gradual.

Tamponade is a medical emergency. The fluid in your heart can only be drained by a medical doctor.
  • Symptoms
  • Swollen neck vein

    common

    Difficulty breathing

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    common

    Low blood pressure

    common

    Rapid heart rate

    common

    Abnormally rapid breathing

    common

    Dizziness

    or Fainting

    common

    Confusion

    common

    Fatigue

    common

    Chest discomfort

    • Sudden, intense spike of pain

    • Pain radiates to shoulder, arm, neck, jaw, Radiates to the back

    • Occurs or worsens with deep inspiration

    common

    Bluish discoloration of the skin

    or Unusual lightness of skin color

    Irregular heartbeat

    Enlarged feet or ankle

    or Swelling in lower leg

    Decreased urine

    Yellow eyes or skin

  • Risk factors
  • Tear in aorta

    Recent upper respiratory tract infection

    or Pericarditis

    Tuberculosis

    Recent chest injury or trauma

    Kidney failure or on dialysis

    Breast cancer

    or Kidney cancer

    or Lung cancer

    History of heart attack

    History of cardiac surgery

  • Treatment
  • The doctor will drain the fluid from the pericardial sac, typically with a needle. This procedure is called pericardiocentesis or may perform a more invasive procedure called a thoracotomy to drain blood or remove blood clots if there is a penetrating wound. The patient may also receive oxygen, fluids, and medications to increase blood pressure.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Cardiac Tamponade, then visit a cardiologist as soon as possible.

    Contact a

    Cardiologist

    Copyright © Rimads 2023 All Rights Reserved