Urogenital Fistula

The Urogenital fistula is an abnormal tract that exists between the urinary tract and bladder, ureters, or urethra. A urogenital fistula can occur between any of the organs and structures of the pelvic region. A fistula allows urine to continually exit through and out the urogenital tract. This can result in significant disability, interference with sexual activity, and other physical health issues, the effects of which may, in turn, have a negative impact on mental or emotional state, including an increase in social isolation. Essentially, a fistula is a hole in the bladder, vagina or another organ that allows urine, stool or other matter to pass where it should not. The result can be feces and urine leaking from the vagina due to that abnormal connection.

Typically, fistulas do not heal on their own without treatment.
  • Symptoms
  • Leaking urine

    • Painless

    • Continuous

    • Intermittent

    or Strange fluid coming out of vagina other than blood

    • Thin

    • Urinary smell

    • Colorless


    Infection in any part of urinary system


  • Risk factors
  • Blocked baby delivery

    Radiation therapy

    • Pelvic radiotherapy

    Recent pelvic or lower abdominal surgery

    • Recent hysterectomy

    Recent pelvic injury or trauma

  • Treatment
  • Some simple fistulas may be able to heal on their own. This might be possible when the fistula is small and the tissue around the fistula is healthy. For instance, where tissue has not been damaged by radiation therapy or cancer. Most fistulas require surgical repair. The type and location of the fistula will determine the type of surgery.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Urogenital Fistula, then a visit to an obstetrician-gynecologist is recommended.

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