Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a condition that causes painful sensations similar to an electric shock on one side of the face. This chronic pain condition affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from your face to your brain. If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even mild stimulation of your face — such as from brushing your teeth or putting on makeup — may trigger a jolt of excruciating pain.

If you experience facial pain, particularly prolonged or recurring pain, or pain unrelieved by over-the-counter pain relievers, see your doctor.
  • Symptoms
  • Facial pain

    • One side

    • Stabbing

    • Sudden attack


    Face is sore to touch

    or Jaw pain


    Flow of tears

    or Red eye

    or Runny nose


    Muscle cramps

    • At face



    • On one side of the head

    • Rapidly developing

    • Severe

    • Recurrent

    • In the temporal region

  • Risk factors
  • History of multiple sclerosis

    Brain cancer

  • Treatment
  • Because of the variety of treatment options available, having trigeminal neuralgia doesn't necessarily mean that you're doomed to a life of pain. Doctors usually can effectively manage trigeminal neuralgia with medications, injections or surgery.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Trigeminal Neuralgia, then a visit to a neurologist is recommended.

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