Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks its own tissues, causing widespread inflammation and tissue damage in the affected organs. It can affect the joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys, and blood vessels.

You can't necessarily prevent lupus, but you can avoid the factors that trigger your symptoms. For example, you can: Limit your time in direct sunlight if sun exposure causes a rash. You should always wear sunscreen with an SPF of 70 or higher that blocks both UVA and UVB rays.
  • Symptoms
  • Fatigue


    Skin rash and redness

    • At face

    • Occurs or worsens with ultraviolet light


    Joint pain

    • Elbows

    • At wrist

    • In fingers

    • Knees

    • Moves from one joint to the other



    • Lasting 4 weeks or more

    • Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F)




    Muscle pain


    Chest discomfort

    • Occurs or worsens with deep inspiration

    • Right side, Left side, Center of the chest


    Intolerance to light

    Thinning or loss of hair anywhere

    Mouth ulcers

    A sudden and temporary alteration of muscle tone, movements or behavior

  • Risk factors
  • Treatment
  • SLE treatment consists primarily of immunosuppressive drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, then a visit to a rheumatologist is highly recommended.

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