Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is a condition of increased blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, fainting, tiredness, chest pain, swelling of the legs, and a fast heartbeat. The condition may make it difficult to exercise. Onset is typically gradual. A patient is deemed to have pulmonary hypertension if the pulmonary mean arterial pressure is greater than 25mmHg at rest, or greater than 30mmHg during exercise.

If the cause is identified and treated early, it may be possible to prevent permanent damage to your pulmonary arteries.
  • Symptoms
  • Difficulty breathing

    • Recurrent

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion




    Chest discomfort

    • Recurrent

    • Center of the chest, Left side, Right side

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    • Chronic




    Swollen neck vein


    Swelling in lower leg

    or Enlarged feet or ankle

    or Swollen belly


    • With exertion

    Poor appetite

    Recent unexplained weight gain

    Abdominal pain

    • In the upper right region

    Bluish discoloration of the skin

    Irregular heartbeat

    Strained voice

    or Cough with mucus or without mucus

    • With bloody mucus

    • Recurrent

    • Lasting 4 weeks or more

  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

    Overweight or obese

    Abnormal heart muscle

    or Congenital heart disease

    or Heart failure

    Valvular heart disease

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    or Breathing stops involuntarily during sleep

    Drug or substance abuse

    History of Pulmonary Embolism


    or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

    or Kidney failure or on dialysis

    or Lung cancer

  • Treatment
  • Pulmonary hypertension cannot be cured, but treatments can reduce your symptoms and help you manage your condition.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Pulmonary Hypertension, then a visit to a pulmonologist is highly recommended.

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