Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is an abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the lungs and the chest cavity (called the pleural space) that can result in the partial or complete collapse of a lung.

It can occur without an apparent cause and in the absence of significant lung disease.
  • Symptoms
  • Difficulty breathing

    • Rapidly developing


    Chest discomfort

    • Right side, Left side

    • Occurs or worsens with deep inspiration, Occurs or worsens with laughing, coughing or sneezing

    • Relieved by sitting up and leaning forward

    • Sudden, intense spike of pain

    • Rapidly developing

    • Severe


    Rapid heart rate


    Abnormally rapid breathing


    Cough with mucus or without mucus

    • An irritating cough that doesn't go away

    • Dry

    • Lasting 3 weeks or less

  • Risk factors
  • Tall, thin young person


  • Treatment
  • All patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) should receive resuscitation with a focus on airway stabilization (if indicated) as well as supplemental oxygen which treats hypoxemia (if present) and facilitates absorption of air from the pleural space.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Pneumothorax, then a visit to a thoracic surgeon as soon as possible.

    Contact a

    Thoracic surgeon

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