Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder that causes a collection of symptoms due to kidney damage. It mainly causes the body to pass too much protein in your urine. It is usually caused by damage to the clusters of small blood vessels in the kidneys that filter waste and excess water from your blood.

Nephrotic syndrome cannot be prevented, but treating underlying kidney disease and making dietary changes may prevent the worsening of symptoms.
  • Symptoms
  • Enlarged feet or ankle

    or Swelling or lump in eyelid

    • Upper eyelid, Lower eyelid

    • Painless

    or Swelling in lower leg

    • In both lower legs

    or Face swelling

    or Enlarged arms or hands


    High levels of fats in blood


    Urine with bubbles unrelated to speed of urination or bladder fullness




    Poor appetite


    Overweight or obese


    Falling sick easily


    • Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F), Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)

    High blood pressure

    Swollen belly

  • Risk factors
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

    or Amyloidosis

    or Diabetes mellitus

    Viral infection causing liver inflammation and damage

    or Melanoma

    or Colon cancer

    or Rheumatoid arthritis

    or Lung cancer

  • Treatment
  • Nephrotic syndrome is almost always treatable, but the treatment depends on the cause. The treatment's goal is to stop the loss of protein in the urine and increase the amount of urine passed from the body.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Nephrotic Syndrome, then a visit to a nephrologist is highly recommended.

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