Infectious Colitis

Infectious colitis is swelling and irritation of your colon. It is caused by bacteria, parasites, or viruses. Colitis in general is a chronic digestive disease characterized by inflammation of the inner lining of the colon.

Infectious colitis, whether viral, bacterial, or parasitic, can be a serious condition. It can lead to weight loss, digestive problems, bloating, fever, and more severe illness. As with any infection, it's important to prevent its spread.
  • Symptoms
  • Diarrhea

    • Watery

    • Mucus, Bloody


    Abdominal pain

    • Crampy

    • Lower, In the bottom left region, In the bottom right region

    • Nonspecific, non-focal




    Poor appetite


    Feel like vomiting



    • Less than 38°C (100. 4°F), Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F)

    Abdominal bloating

    Sore abdomen

    • Middle lower region of abdomen

    Burning sensation around anus after passing stool

    Weight loss

  • Risk factors
  • Treatment
  • Some people may be admitted into the hospital following the colonoscopy depending on the results. It is sometimes necessary to get the patient started on a steroid to speed up the healing of the colon. It may also be necessary to get the patient hydrated from the fluid loss and iron replaced from the loss of blood. After a hospital stay, the patient may be put on a daily medication to manage their chronic colitis. The medication can be an anti-inflammatory or an immunosuppressant. There are many different types of medication used and the doctor will prescribe the one they see fit. If the patient doesn't respond, new medications will be tried until there is a good fit.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Colitis, then a visit to a gastroenterologist is recommended.

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