Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism is a disorder of the parathyroid glands in the bloodstream. As a result, it causes calcium levels in your blood to rise too high, which can lead to health problems such as bone thinning and kidney stones. Doctors usually catch primary hyperparathyroidism early through routine blood tests, before serious problems occur. There are two types of hyperparathyroidism; primary and secondary. In primary hyperparathyroidism, your parathyroid glands make too much PTH, which causes the level of calcium in your blood to rise. In secondary hyperparathyroidism, the overactivity of the parathyroid glands occurs in response to another condition that's causing calcium loss.

Hyperparathyroidism is a serious disease that becomes very destructive with time. Over time, it can lead to problems throughout the body, including osteoporosis, high blood pressure, kidney stones, kidney failure, stroke, and cardiac arrhythmias.
  • Symptoms
  • Fatigue

    common

    Bone pain

    common

    Muscle cramps

    common

    Lack of sleep

    Kidney stones

    or Excessive thirst

    or High urine output

    Easily get bone fractures

    Poor memory

    or Depression

    or Lack of concentration

    Throwing up

    or Feel like vomiting

    or Poor appetite

    Irritability

    Joint pain

    Low blood pressure

    Gallstones

    or Acute pancreatitis

  • Risk factors
  • Treatment
  • Treatment depends on the type of hyperparathyroidism encountered. 1-People with primary hyperparathyroidism who are symptomatic benefit from parathyroidectomy—surgery to remove the parathyroid tumor (parathyroid adenoma). 2-In people with secondary hyperparathyroidism, the high PTH levels are an appropriate response to low calcium and treatment must be directed at the underlying cause of this (usually vitamin D deficiency or chronic kidney failure). If this is successful, PTH levels return to normal levels, unless PTH secretion has become autonomous (tertiary hyperparathyroidism).
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Hyperparathyroidism, then a visit to a general internist is recommended.

    Contact a

    General internist

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