Diabetic encephalopathy

Encephalopathy refers to a disease or disorder that can affect your brain. It happens when changes happen to how your brain or body works. It manifests as confusion, sleepiness, muscle cramps, poor memory, inability to concentrate, personality changes, …etc. Encephalopathies have many types and causes including high blood pressure, heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, toxins, diabetes, and trauma.

Encephalopathy is not a single disease by itself, rather it's a group of disorders with several underlying causes.
  • Symptoms
  • High blood sugar




    Lack of concentration

    or Poor memory


    Feeling sleepy




    Feel like vomiting

    or Throwing up


    A sudden and temporary alteration of muscle tone, movements or behavior

    Strange non-vibrating involuntary movements

  • Risk factors
  • Diabetes mellitus

    • Type 2

    • Type 1

    Infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs

    Infection in any part of urinary system

  • Treatment
  • Treatment of an encephalopathic patient is done by firstly identifying the underlying cause of encephalopathies and addressing it. This might include stopping some of your drugs or adding new drugs, changes in lifestyle and diet, and dialysis if the underlying cause is kidney disease.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Encephalopathies, then visit a general internist as soon as possible.

    Contact a

    General internist

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