Chronic Osteomyelitis

Chronic osteomyelitis is a severe, persistent, and sometimes incapacitating infection of bone and bone marrow. It is often a recurring condition because it is difficult to treat definitively. This disease may result from the following: Inadequate treatment of acute osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis more commonly affects people younger than 20, or adults older than 50 years of age. While there is a higher incidence of bone infections in adults that live in developing countries, hemodialysis patients, injection drug users, and patients with diabetes are also more susceptible to this infection.
  • Symptoms
  • Fluid from wound in legs or feet

    or Fluid from a wound in arms or hands


    Skin rash and redness

    • At upper extremity except hand, At legs not feet, At feet



    • Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)




    Pain in arms

    or Pain in the leg above the knee

    or Pain in lower leg

    or Facial pain


    Leg hurts when touched

    or Thigh hurts when touched

    or Arms hurt when touched

    Swelling in lower leg

    or Enlarged arms or hands

    or Enlarged thighs

    or Enlarged feet or ankle

  • Risk factors
  • Recent injury or trauma in lower leg without ankle and feet

    or History of orthopedic surgery

    or Recent injury or trauma in upper extremity

    or Recent injury or trauma in thigh

    Diabetes mellitus

  • Treatment
  • Chronic osteomyelitis is generally treated with antibiotics and surgical debridement but can persist intermittently for years with frequent therapeutic failure or relapse. Despite advances in both antibiotic and surgical treatment, the long‐term recurrence rate remains around 20%.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Osteomyelitis, then visit an orthopedic surgeon as soon as possible.

    Contact an

    Orthopedic surgeon

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