Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is inflammation (swelling) and irritation of the bronchial tubes. These tubes are the airways that carry air to and from the air sacs in your lungs. The irritation of the tubes causes mucus to build up.

Unlike acute bronchitis, which usually develops from a respiratory infection such as a cold and goes away in a week or two, chronic bronchitis is a more serious condition that develops over time. Symptoms may get better or worse, but they will never completely go away.
  • Symptoms
  • Cough with mucus or without mucus

    • Recurrent

    • Occurs or is worse in the morning

    • Lasting 4 weeks or more

    • Production of clear-white mucus, Production of yellowish-gray mucus

    • With bloody mucus

    • Dry


    Abnormally rapid breathing

    • Prolonged exhalation


    Rapid heart rate


    Difficulty breathing

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    • Rapidly developing

    • Recurrent


    Bluish discoloration of the skin

    • In hand, In feet, Fingernails, Lips

    Overweight or obese

    Whistling breathing

    Swelling in lower leg

    or Enlarged feet or ankle

    Throwing up

  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

    History of allergy

    or Breathing in dust, smoke or chemicals for a long period of time

    or Recent contact/exposure to animals

    Family history of obstructive lung disease

  • Treatment
  • 1-Quitting smoking. 2-Staying away from secondhand smoke and other lung irritants. 3-Taking medicines by mouth (oral) to open airways and help clear away mucus. 4-Taking inhaled medicines, such as bronchodilators and steroids. 5-Getting oxygen from portable containers.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, then a visit to a pulmonologist is highly recommended.

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