Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

Arteritic Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

Arteritic AION is a dangerous condition caused by inflammation of arteries supplying blood to the optic nerve. The inflammation is due to a condition known as giant cell arteritis (GCA) or temporal arteritis, which causes inflammation of medium- and large-sized arteries.

It is almost always is older than 50 years, with an exponential increase with advanced age (90% of patients are 60 y). Rare cases of AION occur before 40 years.
  • Symptoms
  • Blindness

    • Both eyes, One eye



    • In the temporal region


    Sensitive scalp


    Jaw pain


    Joint pain

    or Fatigue

    or Muscle pain


    Poor appetite

    or Fever

    • Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)

    Difficulty moving shoulder

    or Difficulty moving hip

    or Difficulty moving neck

  • Risk factors
  • Giant cell arteritis

    Polymyalgia Rheumatica

  • Treatment
  • The arteritic variety is treated with oral corticosteroids to protect the other eye. If vision loss is imminent, intravenous corticosteroids should be considered.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Ischemic Optic Neuropathy, then a visit to an ophthalmologist is recommended.

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