Valvular Heart Disease

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis (AS or AoS) is the narrowing of the exit of the left ventricle of the heart (where the aorta begins), such that problems result. It may occur at the aortic valve as well as above and below this level. It typically gets worse over time.

Aortic stenosis mainly affects older people as a result of scarring and calcium buildup in the valve cusp (flap or fold). Age-related AS usually begins after age 60, but often doesn't show symptoms until ages 70 or 80.
  • Symptoms
  • Difficulty breathing

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    • Recurrent




    Irregular heartbeat



    • With exertion

    or Dizziness

    • With exertion


    Rapid heart rate

    Chest discomfort

    • Center of the chest, Left side

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    • Change in body position doesn't change the pain

  • Risk factors
  • Congenital valve deformity

    Recent upper respiratory tract infection

    or History of Rheumatic Fever

  • Treatment
  • Aortic valve replacement is the only effective treatment for symptomatic, hemodynamically severe aortic stenosis. Surgical replacement leads to significant improvement in survival, usually accompanied by symptom improvement.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Valvular Heart Disease, then visit a cardiologist as soon as possible.

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