Aortic Dissection

An aortic dissection is when an injury occurs to the innermost layer of the aorta, allowing blood in between the layers, leading to the ballooning and tearing of the aorta. In most cases, this is associated with a sudden onset of severe chest or back pain, often described as "tearing" in character.

Aortic dissections can be fatal if not treated early.
  • Symptoms
  • Chest discomfort

    • Severe

    • Sudden, intense spike of pain

    • Rapidly developing

    • Tearing in your chest

    • Left side, Center of the chest

    • Radiates to the back

    or Back pain

    • Sudden, intense spike of pain

    • Rapidly developing

    • Severe

    common

    Rapid heart rate

    common

    Pulse measured on arms or legs is weak

    Difficulty breathing

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion

    • Occurs when lying flat

    • Rapidly developing

    • During sleep

    Decreased ability to understand or express language

    • Recent

    or Fatigue

    Fainting

    or Dizziness

  • Risk factors
  • High blood pressure disease

    Marfan syndrome

    Recent chest injury or trauma

    Smoking

    or Balloon-like bulge in the aorta

    • Abdominal

    Pregnant

  • Treatment
  • An aortic dissection is a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment. Therapy may include surgery or medications, depending on the area of the aorta involved: 1-Surgery. 2-Some medications may be given to stabilize blood pressure before surgery. After treatment, you may need to take blood pressure-lowering medication for life. In addition, you may need follow-up CTs or MRIs periodically to monitor your condition.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Aortic Dissection, then visit a cardiologist as soon as possible.

    Contact a

    Cardiologist

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