Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is a small tear or split in the moist tissue that covers the anus. Anal fissures typically occur with the passing of large, hard stools. Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks. These are called short-term (acute) anal fissures. If you have an anal fissure that hasn't healed after 8 to 12 weeks, it is considered a long-term (chronic) fissure. A chronic fissure may need medical treatment.

Take steps to avoid constipation, such as drinking plenty of water, adding fiber to your diet and exercising
  • Symptoms
  • Pain during defecation

    • Lasting several minutes to hours afterwards

    • Severe


    Skin cut at the anus

    or Skin bump

    • At anus


    Bleeding from anus


    Burning sensation around anus after passing stool

    or Itchy skin

    • Around the anus


  • Risk factors
  • Straining

    • Chronic

    or Diarrhea

    • For 2 weeks or more

    or Chronic constipation

    History of anal surgery

    Low fiber consumption


    Inflammation of the colon

  • Treatment
  • Anal fissures are typically managed by softening the stool itself with OTC stool softeners, drinking more fluids, increasing the fiber in your diet and opting for surgery as a last option.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Anal Fissure, then a visit to a family medicine specialist is recommended.

    Contact a

    Family medicine specialist

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