Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a disease that happens when the immune system attacks hair follicles and causes hair loss. While hair can be lost from any part of the body, alopecia areata usually affects the head and face. Hair typically falls out in small, round patches about the size of a quarter, but in some cases, hair loss is more extensive. Most people with the disease are healthy and have no other symptoms. Researchers do not fully understand what causes the immune attack on hair follicles, but they believe that both genetic and environmental (non-genetic) factors play a role.

Hair loss tends to be unpredictable. Hair may regrow without treatment.
  • Symptoms
  • Thinning or loss of hair anywhere

    • At scalp

    • At beard

    • Bald spots


    Small depressions on the nails


    Itchy skin

    • At scalp

    Painless detachment of the nail from the nail bed

  • Risk factors
  • Hashimoto thyroiditis

    or Graves disease

    Long-term difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchi

    or Inflammation of the nose caused by allergy

    or Eczema


    or Stress

    or Depression

    High levels of fats in blood

    or Diabetes mellitus

    or High blood pressure disease

    Family history of alopecia areata

    Falling sick easily

  • Treatment
  • There is currently no cure for alopecia areata, although there are some forms of treatment that can be suggested by doctors to help the hair re-grow more quickly. The most common form of alopecia areata treatment is the use of corticosteroids, powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Alopecia Areata, then a visit to a dermatologist is recommended.

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