Superficial Thrombophlebitis

Superficial thrombophlebitis is the inflammation of a surface vein due to a blood clot that builds up in the vein and blocks the normal flow of blood. It usually occurs in the legs, but it can occasionally occur in the arms and neck. Anyone can develop superficial thrombophlebitis, but females are affected more than males.

To help reduce your chances of superficial thrombophlebitis, take these steps: -If you sit for long periods of time, make sure to get up and stretch at least once an hour. -Avoid wearing tight clothing around your waist. -Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
  • Symptoms
  • Skin rash and redness

    • At feet, At legs not feet, At neck


    Pain in the leg above the knee

    or Pain in lower leg

    or Pain in ankle region without achilles tendon


    A burning feeling in legs or feet


    Leg hurts when touched


    Enlarged thighs

    • With redness

    or Swelling in lower leg(s)

    • With redness

    or Enlarged feet or ankle

    • With redness

  • Risk factors
  • Twisted, enlarged veins

    Blood clotting disorder

    Prolonged immobilization

    History of superficial phlebitis

    Recent injection into vein

    or Recent injury or trauma in thigh

    or Recent pelvic or lower abdominal surgery

    or Recent pelvic injury or trauma

    or Recent injury or trauma in lower leg without ankle and feet


    or Postpartum

    • 5 to 9 weeks after delivery

    or Use of estrogen hormone medication


    Overweight or obese

    Brain cancer

    or Liver cancer

    or Lung cancer

    or Stomach cancer

    or Kidney cancer

    or Pancreatic cancer

    Polyarteritis Nodosa

  • Treatment
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis is typically treated by applying a warm compress to the affected area, elevating the leg to relieve swelling, taking NSAIDs to reduce swelling and inflammation, and wearing compression stockings.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Superficial Thrombophlebitis, then a visit to a cardiovascular surgeon is highly recommended.

    Contact a

    Cardiovascular surgeon

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