Strabismus

Strabismus comes from a Greek word that means "eyes looking obliquely", So strabismus means that the eyes are misaligned. This is a common childhood condition that usually appears after the age of 6 months. The eye muscles are simply not able to function in a coordinated manner. You may notice that your child's eyes are not looking in the same direction, where one or both can look up, down, inwards, or outwards whether intermittently or all the time. In older children, you might notice that your child has a difficult time reading and might tilt his/her head to be able to properly see. The child might also complain of double vision or headaches. Most cases of strabismus are idiopathic, however, it can also be caused by an array of syndromes or neurological diseases. In young children, it can occur due to refractive errors, where strabismus occurs in one eye.

It is common for babies' eyes to occasionally cross before the age of 4-6 months but the eyes should be aligned by the age of 6 months. It is of great importance to diagnose and treat strabismus promptly to maintain normal vision and prevent any distortion in visual perception.
  • Symptoms
  • Deviated eye

    common

    Child with difficulty in reading or following

    • Improves by tilting the head

    common

    Double vision

    • Improves when one eye is closed

    common

    Headache

    • Tension around forehead, Tight band-like pain around the head and neck

    • Recurrent, Chronic or persistent pain

    common

  • Risk factors
  • Family history of strabismus

    History of low birth weight

    Premature delivery

  • Treatment
  • Your ophthalmologist might prescribe glasses for your child to help align the eyes properly. An eye patch might also be used to cover the normal eye to remind the brain to use the affected eye. In some cases, surgery might be recommended to straighten the eyes by re-aligning eye muscles.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Strabismus, then a visit to an ophthalmologist is highly recommended.

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    Ophthalmologist

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