Pneumothorax

Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) occurs in people with a wide variety of parenchymal lung diseases. These individuals have underlying pulmonary pathology that alters normal lung structure. Air enters the pleural space via distended, damaged, or compromised alveoli.

Pneumothorax is a common and life-threatening clinical condition that may require emergency treatment in Emergency Medicine Departments.
  • Symptoms
  • Difficulty breathing

    • Rapidly developing

    common

    Chest pain

    • Occurs or worsens with deep inspiration, Occurs or worsens with laughing, coughing or sneezing

    • Relieved by sitting up and leaning forward

    • Sudden, intense spike of pain

    • Rapidly developing

    • Severe

    • Right side, Left side

    common

    Rapid heart rate

    common

    Abnormally rapid breathing

    common

    Cough with mucus or without mucus

    • Lasting 3 weeks or less

    • Dry

    • An irritating cough that doesn't go away

  • Risk factors
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Long-term difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchi

    Smoking

    Cystic fibrosis

    Lung cancer

    Tuberculosis

  • Treatment
  • Most patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) are treated with supplemental oxygen and removal of air from the pleural space, typically by chest tube thoracostomy. Patients also typically undergo a definitive procedure to prevent recurrence during the same hospitalization.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Pneumothorax, then a visit to a thoracic surgeon as soon as possible.

    Contact a

    Thoracic surgeon

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