Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which hormonal imbalance disrupts how ovaries normally work. It is common among women of reproductive age. PCOS is often caused by genetic and environmental factors. There's no test to definitively diagnose PCOS. Your doctor is likely to start with a discussion of your medical history, including your menstrual periods and weight changes. A physical exam will include checking for signs of excess hair growth, insulin resistance and acne.

Weight loss can reduce insulin and androgen levels and may restore ovulation.
  • Symptoms
  • Excessive or prolonged bleeding during period

    or Irregular periods


    Inability to conceive a child


    Excessive growth of dark or coarse hair


    High blood sugar


    Red lesions filled with pus

    • At face, At back, Chest


    Dark patches of skin

    • Under the breasts, In genital region, At neck, At armpits, At groin


    Thinning or loss of hair anywhere

    • At scalp



    or Anxiety

    High blood pressure

    Breathing stops involuntarily during sleep

    Absence of period

    • 6 months or more without pregnancy

    • Absence of period

  • Risk factors
  • Overweight or obese

    Family history of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    Diabetes mellitus

    • Type 1, Type 2

  • Treatment
  • PCOS treatment focuses on managing your individual concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity. Specific treatment might involve lifestyle changes or medication. -Lifestyle changes Your doctor may recommend weight loss, maintain a healthy weight and be active. Medications options are available to: 1-Regulate your menstrual cycle as a combination of birth control pills or progestin therapy. 2-Help you to ovulate as Clomiphene, Metformin. 3-Reduce excessive hair growth as birth control pills or Spironolactone (Aldactone).
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, then a visit to an obstetrician-gynecologist is highly recommended.

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