Mastoiditis

Mastoiditis is a serious bacterial infection of the bony air cells in the mastoid bone, located just behind the ear. It's more common in children. Most people with mastoiditis recover quickly and have no complications as long as the condition is diagnosed and treated quickly. If the mastoid bone is severely infected and is not removed, it can cause hearing loss and life-threatening health complications such as a blood clot, meningitis, or a brain abscess.

If left untreated, mastoiditis can cause serious, even life-threatening health complications.
  • Symptoms
  • Fatigue

    common

    Tenderness behind the ear

    common

    Swelling behind the ear

    common

    Skin rash and redness

    • Behind the ear

    common

    Fever

    • Less than 38°C (100. 4°F), Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F)

    common

    Ear pain

    common

    Baby not feeling hungry

    or Poor appetite

    common

    Child is constantly crying

    or Annoyed easily

    or Irritability

    common

    Liquid coming out of ear

    • Smells bad and is yellow in color

    common

    Difficulty hearing

    • In one ear

    Diarrhea

    Headache

    • Severe, On one side of the head

  • Risk factors
  • Recent history of Otitis Media

    History of cholesteatoma

  • Treatment
  • Mastoiditis is a serious infection and should be diagnosed and treated quickly with antibiotics. You may need to go to the hospital so antibiotics can be given directly into a vein through a drip (intravenously). In some cases, surgery may be needed to either: drain the middle ear (a myringotomy).
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Mastoiditis, then a visit to an ENT specialist is recommended.

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    ENT specialist

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