Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis (IE) is the infection of the endocardium, usually the valves, often of bacterial origin. IE is a rare, life-threatening disease that has long-lasting effects even among patients who survive and are cured. IE disproportionately affects those with underlying structural heart disease and is increasingly associated with healthcare contact, particularly in patients who have intravascular prosthetic material.

Infective endocarditis can be prevented by: -Seeking professional dental care every six months. -Brushing and flossing teeth regularly. -Making sure dentures fit properly.
  • Symptoms
  • Fever

    • Less than 38°C (100. 4°F), Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F)

    • With chills




    Rapid heart rate


    Weight loss


    Difficulty breathing

    • Occurs or worsens with exertion


    Back neck pain

    or Back pain

    or Joint pain

    • Knees, At wrist, Elbows

    or Joint stiffness

    • Difficulty moving elbow, Limited ankle movement, Difficulty moving knee, Difficulty moving wrist

    Chest pain

    • Center of the chest, Left side

    Black or dark brown scratch-like marks under or on the nails

    Excessive sweating

    Blood in urine

    Painful red-purple slightly raised bumps on the tip of your fingers or toes

    Poor appetite

    Painless red spots on the soles of feet or palms of hands

  • Risk factors
  • Artificial heart valves

    or Valvular heart disease

    Contaminated needle

    History of Rheumatic Fever

    Infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs

  • Treatment
  • If endocarditis is caused by a bacterial infection, high-dose antibiotics are often given intravenously to maximize the efficiency of the medication, typically for two to six weeks. If endocarditis is caused by a fungal infection, your doctor will prescribe antifungal medication. Some people need lifelong antifungal pills to prevent endocarditis from returning. Depending on the case, heart surgery may be required.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Endocarditis, then a visit to a cardiologist is highly recommended.

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