Nephrotic Syndrome

Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome

Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is a rare primary glomerular group of diseases characterized by the triad of edema, massive, or nephrotic-range, proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia, for which there is no known cause.

Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is the most common form of NS in children.
  • Symptoms
  • Enlarged feet or ankle

    or Swelling or lump in eyelid

    • Upper eyelid, Lower eyelid

    • Painless

    or Swelling in lower leg(s)

    • In both lower legs

    or Enlarged arms or hands

    or Face swelling


    High levels of fats in blood




    Urine with bubbles unrelated to speed of urination or bladder fullness


    Poor appetite


    Overweight or obese


    Falling sick easily


    • Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F), Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)

    High blood pressure

    Swollen belly

  • Risk factors
  • Recent upper respiratory tract infection

    or Recent allergic reaction

    Viral infection causing liver inflammation and damage

    or Hodgkin lymphoma

    or Use of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug

    or Use of penicillin

    or Use of interferon

    or Rifampin antibiotic

  • Treatment
  • Symptomatic treatment includes: 1-dietary regimen with normal protein intake and salt restriction 2-calcium and vitamin D are prescribed with steroids 3-diuretics should be used in case of severe edema 4-infusion of albumin in case of severe hypovolemia 5-treatment of hypertension 6-anticoagulant therapy
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Nephrotic Syndrome, then a visit to a nephrologist is highly recommended.

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