Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. It starts on the inside lining of the esophagus and spreads outward through the other layers as it grows. The two most common forms of esophageal cancer are named for the type of cells that become malignant: 1. Squamous cell carcinoma: Cancer that forms in the thin, flat cells lining the inside of the esophagus. This cancer is most often found in the upper and middle part of the esophagus, but can occur anywhere along the esophagus. This is also called epidermoid carcinoma. 2. Adenocarcinoma: Cancer that begins in glandular cells. Glandular cells in the lining of the esophagus produce and release fluids such as mucus. Adenocarcinomas usually form in the lower part of the esophagus, near the stomach.

Smoking, heavy alcohol use, and Barrett's esophagus can increase the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • Symptoms
  • Swallowing difficulties

    • Foods and drinks

    • For 2 weeks or more


    Weight loss


    Abdominal pain

    • Located in middle upper region

    or Chest pain

    • Center of the chest



    Cough with mucus or without mucus

    Black stool

    or Throwing up

    • Blood in vomit

  • Risk factors
  • Alcohol consumption


  • Treatment
  • The prognosis and treatment options depend on the following: 1-The stage of the cancer (whether it affects part of the esophagus, involves the whole esophagus, or has spread to other places in the body). 2-Whether the tumor can be completely removed by surgery. 3-The patient’s general health. 4-When esophageal cancer is found very early, there is a better chance of recovery. Esophageal cancer is often in an advanced stage when it is diagnosed. At later stages, esophageal cancer can be treated but rarely can be cured.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Esophageal Cancer, then visit a gastroenterologist as soon as possible.

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