Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Dengue viruses are spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. Dengue is common in more than 100 countries around the world. Forty percent of the world’s population, about 3 billion people, live in areas with a risk of dengue. Dengue is often a leading cause of illness in areas with risk.

Dengue can be deadly, but with proper supportive care, most people beat the virus. The prognosis for dengue is usually good. The worst symptoms of the illness typically last one to two weeks, and most patients will fully recover within several additional weeks.
  • Symptoms
  • Fever

    • Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F), Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)

    • With chills

    common

    Muscle pain

    or Joint pain

    common

    Poor appetite

    common

    Pain behind eyes

    or Headache

    common

    Throwing up

    or Feel like vomiting

    common

    Skin rash and redness

    common

    Diarrhea

    common

    Abdominal pain

    Itchy skin

    Nosebleed

    or Bleeding gums

  • Risk factors
  • Travel from or to an endemic area of dengue fever

  • Treatment
  • There is no specific medicine to treat dengue infection. If you think you may have dengue fever, you should use pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoid medicines with aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen which could worsen bleeding. You should also rest, drink plenty of fluids, and see your doctor. If you have severe dengue fever, you may need: 1-Supportive care in a hospital. 2-Intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte replacement. 3-Blood pressure monitoring. 4-Transfusion to replace blood loss.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Dengue Fever, then a visit to an infectious disease specialist is highly recommended.

    Contact an

    Infectious disease specialist

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