Brain Abscess

A brain abscess (or cerebral abscess) is a pus-filled swelling in the brain. It is caused by inflammation and collection of infected material, coming from local (ear infection, dental abscess, infection of paranasal sinuses, infection of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, epidural abscess) or remote (lung, heart, kidney etc.). It remains a serious and potentially life-threatening condition.

A brain abscess is regarded as a medical emergency. Swelling caused by the abscess can disrupt the blood and oxygen supply to the brain. There's also a risk of the abscess bursting (rupturing). If left untreated, a brain abscess can cause permanent brain damage and could be fatal.
  • Symptoms
  • Headache

    • Steady

    • Chronic or persistent pain, Severe

    common

    Decreased ability to understand or express language

    • Recent

    or Sudden weakness in one side of the body, that may include the face

    or Blurred vision

    or Inability to move the arm or leg on one side of the body

    common

    Fever

    common

    Fainting

    common

    Feel like vomiting

    or Throwing up

    common

    Fatigue

    common

    Confusion

    common

    A sudden and temporary alteration of muscle tone, movements or behavior

    Difficulty moving neck

  • Risk factors
  • Recent history of Otitis Media

    or Head injury

    or Recent upper respiratory tract infection

    or Dental infection

    or Falling sick easily

    or Congenital valve deformity

  • Treatment
  • Before a brain abscess has become encapsulated and localized, antimicrobial therapy, accompanied by measures to control increasing intracranial pressure, is essential. Once an abscess has formed, surgical excision or drainage combined with prolonged antibiotics (usually 4-8 weeks) is the treatment of choice. In cases of multiple abscesses or in abscesses in essential brain areas, repeated aspirations are preferred to complete excision. High-dose antibiotics for an extended period may be an alternative approach in this group of patients.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Brain Abscess, then visit a neurologist as soon as possible.

    Contact a

    Neurologist

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