Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

Acute mesenteric ischemia is a sudden and serious condition where an interruption of blood flow to the small intestine leads to injury and tissue death. Poor blood flow to the small intestine typically occurs as a result of blood clot formation in the arteries or veins, or due to low blood pressure.

Mesenteric infarction is a vascular emergency and must be considered as such by physicians. Time-saving and consequent treatment are the decisive factors in prognosis.
  • Symptoms
  • Abdominal pain

    • Rapidly developing

    • Gradually increases

    • Around the belly button, Located in middle upper region, Nonspecific, non-focal


    Poor appetite


    Abdominal bloating


    Throwing up

    or Feel like vomiting


    Rapid heart rate


    Abnormally rapid breathing


    Sore abdomen

    • Around belly button


    • Greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F), Less than 38°C (100. 4°F)


    or Difficulty passing stool

    Low blood pressure

    or High blood pressure

    Bleeding from anus

    • Painless

  • Risk factors
  • History of heart attack

    or Valvular heart disease

    or Abnormal electrical impulses suddenly start firing in the atria

    or History of Rheumatic Fever

    or Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart's chambers and valves


    or High fat consumption

    or High levels of fats in blood

    Drug or substance abuse

    Blood clotting disorder

    Recent abdominal injury or trauma

    Balloon-like bulge in the aorta

    • Abdominal

    or Peripheral artery disease

    or Tear in aorta

  • Treatment
  • Treatment requires restoring blood flow to your intestine. If your intestines show no signs of damage, you'll likely need to take anticoagulant medication for about three to six months. Anticoagulants help prevent clots from forming. Surgery may be necessary to remove a blood clot, to bypass a vessel blockage, or to repair or remove a damaged section of the intestine. If angiography is done to diagnose the problem, it may be possible to simultaneously remove a blood clot or to open up a narrowed artery with angioplasty. Angioplasty involves using a balloon inflated at the end of a catheter to compress the fatty deposits and stretch the artery, making a wider path for the blood to flow. A spring-like metallic tube (stent) also may be placed in your artery to help keep it open.
  • Recommended specialist
  • If you have Acute Mesenteric Ischemia, then visit a general surgeon as soon as possible.

    Contact a

    General surgeon

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